Research shows that kids who have a "windshield perspective" on the world can't navigate their neighborhoods as well as those who walk or bikc, but they also found that the car children feel more negative about their community
The Atlantic Cities talked with researcher Donald Appleyard about his findings.
In the Heavy [traffic exposure] neighborhood, the children frequently expressed feelings of dislike and danger and were unable to represent any detail of the surrounding environment.
In sum, as exposure to auto traffic volumes and speed decreases, a child’s sense of threat goes down, and his/her ability to establish a richer connection and appreciation for the community rises.
Children who had a “windshield perspective” from being driven everywhere weren’t able to accurately draw how the streets in their community connected, whereas children who walked or biked to get around produced detailed and highly accurate maps of their neighborhood street network.</blockquote.